Table of Contents
- 7 facts from our Ancestry Review
- Ancestry Introduction
- Taking the Ancestry DNA Test
- Review of Ancestry Products
- Review of Ancestry Privacy
- Ancestry in the News
- AncestryDNA Reviews
- Ancestry Pros and Cons
- Nebula Genomics
7 facts from our Ancestry Review
- Location: Lehi, Utah, United States
- Products: Ancestry Health, Ancestry DNA. DNA-based genetic genealogy test and diagnostic test (a recent addition)
- Reporting: Estimates ethnicity, finds relatives, reports on health and wellness
- Data download: available in Ancestry data format
- Privacy: control over data sharing and public availability
- Costs: $99 for an ancestry DNA test, $149 for the diagnostic DNA test. The company also has regular deals and sales, which can save up to 50%. A free trial is available for 14 days, but the customer must cancel at least 2 days before the end of the trial or else they will be charged the full amount of chosen membership price on expiration of the trial.
- Alternatives: Nebula Genomics (Whole Genome Sequencing with weekly updated reports and advanced ancestry reporting)
This is a review of Ancestry, a DNA testing service that began as a family history magazine and book publisher in 1983. Over a decade later, it launched Ancestry.com to collect genealogy data like military records and track family histories with historical documents.
In 2002, Ancestry partnered with Relative Genetics to offer direct-to-consumer DNA testing. Thus, becoming one of the first testing companies to enter the growing home DNA testing market.
By 2012, a DNA test, AncestryDNA, became the company’s flagship service – combining genetic and family history data. Today, it is the “global leader in family history and consumer genomics.” The company has provided genetic testing to over 16 million people in 30 countries.
Taking the Ancestry DNA Test
Both of the main services, AncestryDNA and AncestryHealth, rely on analyzing DNA in your saliva. After using an email address to create an account and purchasing one of the Ancestry DNA kits online, the company sends a package that includes a saliva collection tube and a return label.
Users must then:
- Activate the kit. This involves creating an account on the Ancestry website and using their Ancestry login to register the unique DNA kit activation code.
- Fill the tube with their saliva. It’s important that you don’t eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum or tobacco for 30 minutes after brushing your teeth and before providing your saliva sample.
- Send it back to Ancestry using the provided return package and shipping address.
Ancestry’s testing laboratory will analyze the saliva sample for genetic markers and process the autosomal DNA test results within 8 weeks of receiving it. The Ancestry DNA results are then posted on the user’s account, with an email notifying users of that they are available. Once customers receive their results, they can download raw data and use it with other analysis sites and marketplaces such as GenePlaza and sequencing.com.
Review of Ancestry Products
Review of AncestryDNA ($99)
The AncestryDNA test kit is the company’s flagship test offered. The DNA science involves an autosomal testing service that samples 700,000 markers in the human genome to analyze a user’s genetic makeup and generate a DNA profile. This provides insight into the user’s ethnicity and information on where their ancestors lived.
The company also touts extensive ancestry family trees and historical records that can be linked to your AncestryDNA results. This includes a large DNA database of genetic matches and potential common ancestors linking your family together.
Genetic communities are groups of AncestryDNA members who are connected through their DNA. AncestryDNA uses their trademarked Genetic Communities technology to help customers connect with their past.
A user’s genomic markers are assigned to one of over 1,000 regions around the globe. These specific regions are determined by a reference population panel of over 40,000 DNA samples. This panel divides the world into 60 regions, like the Middle East, that are divided in a similar format to a pie chart. Users can use this world explorer to better understand the origins of their family story and connections.
Each ethnicity estimate includes an approximate range. This gives users a better idea of how confident the company is that a person descended from a certain region. The results also include migration paths and patterns for the user’s ancestors.
AncestryDNA matches users to identify relatives based on shared genomic regions. To see a match’s full family tree, users need a membership. Matches can include close family members like parents and siblings, or as distant as fourth cousins.
Ancestry allows users to make the most out of their match results and helps individuals in their ancestry search. First, by linking test results to a public family tree, you increase the chance of finding common ancestors and more matches. Users can also check shared matches, which fills out the sides of the family each match is from.
Beyond looking for more family trees to explore, users can also communicate with their matches. This can provide more understanding of how each match is connected to their family tree.
An Ancestry membership allows users to use their Ancestry.com login to view family records on www.ancestry.com, including over 100 million family trees made by other Ancestry users. Membership is $24.99/month for access to U.S. records and $39.99/month to also include international records.
This feature enables users to see common ancestors that connect them to their matches. The results are based on genetic information in family trees (paternal and maternal lines). Specifically, how much overlap your family tree might have with a match’s family tree (e.g. common great grandparents).
To access ThruLines on Ancestry, a user must:
- Opt to see and be seen by their DNA matches. This allows matches to see your ethnicity estimates and shared genetic data.
- Link your family tree to your Ancestry DNA test and ensure it is searchable.
- Building a family tree back at least four generations.
AncestryDNA Traits (+ $20)
This is an add-on service that lets users learn how their raw DNA impacts various traits through trait reports. It focuses on traits related to health and wellness, like Omega-3 deficiency and male hair loss. The report also includes less serious traits like earwax type and aversion to cilantro. The company notes that more traits may be available in the future at an additional cost.
Review of AncestryHealth ($149)
The new AncestryHealth test kit includes all of the above features of the AncestryDNA kit. Additionally, the health DNA testing kit includes reporting for genetic health. For eligible participants, a physician will order relevant tests to assess your predisposition to certain health conditions. If eligible, testing results include actionable health reports and access to genetic counseling resources.
Health and Wellness Reports
Each report first looks at your genetic connections to a particular condition. An example of this could be having a higher breast cancer risk, prostate cancer risk, or being a carrier for cystic fibrosis. The company then summarizes your key takeaways for this result. This includes a breakdown of ways that might help catch a condition early or mitigate its effects.
The reports are intended to be clear and easy to understand. This includes an explainer on what your DNA results mean statistically. The results also explain how the conditions could be passed through your family line.
Users can also download their health and wellness reports to share with their physicians. All users should consult with a healthcare professional before taking action based on an Ancestry Health report.
Genetic Counseling Resources
The company’s partner PWNHealth determines eligibility for the AncestryHealth test and orders them when appropriate. PWNHealth’s goal is to connect people to safe diagnostic and genetic testing options.
As part of the AncestryHealth results, PWNHealth offers access to educational resources and genetic counseling. These options can help users better understand, interpret, and learn from their results.
Family Health History Tool
Ancestry’s health test also includes a tool to securely create, save, and share family health history with healthcare providers. This, in turn, can help physicians better understand their patients.
Review of Ancestry Privacy
Ancestry sends DNA samples for lab processing to third-party labs in the United States. The only thing that tracks the user is a unique activation code. Personal information, including user identity, and DNA testing results are separated during the testing process. Results are stored in the company database, which uses various safeguards to prevent user information from being shared.
Once a user has received their results, they have a handful of options to share their data. Some basic options include displaying the user’s full name and allowing matches to access ethnicity results. According to the Terms and Conditions, the customer retains ownership over their data except when used in accordance with their privacy statement and terms of service.
Users can also share DNA results and download their raw DNA testing data. Ancestry gives users the option to delete DNA test results from the database, destroy user samples, and permanently delete Ancestry accounts.
A user can opt into the Ancestry Human Diversity Project. This project includes research done by Ancestry and as well as third-party researchers. If a user agrees to participate, Ancestry may share anonymized data as well as biological samples.
Support line: To contact Ancestry, users are directed to the customer service number 1 (800) 615-6560. Other customer support is available at ancestry.com.
Ancestry in the News
Being an industry leader in the DNA testing space, Ancestry is constantly referenced in the news. This includes articles about a recent slowdown in the DNA testing market, as reported in outlets like CBS News and Vox. Many articles about Ancestry also touch on privacy concerns. For example, articles in USA Today and the New York Times. Some sources have reported that Ancestry refused to provide customer information when asked for it by law enforcement due to an improperly served warrant. This measure could have given officers access to 16 million DNA profiles from Ancestry’s customers.
CEO Tim Sullivan has been interviewed by The Bottom Line, a Utah-based radio program.
However, when focusing on Ancestry reviews in the consumer DNA testing market, the picture changes somewhat. Ancestry has a “Poor” rating on Trustpilot, with a 2/5 average rating. This contrasts with mostly positive reviews on Amazon. There, the AncestryDNA kit averages 4.2 out of 5 stars and the AncestryHealth kit averages 4.4 stars out of 5.
Ancestry Pros and Cons
– Extensive genealogy exploration tools, including DNA matches and family trees.
– Large user base, including over 3 million paying subscribers.
– Diagnostic testing option with reports on health conditions.
– Options to link to Ancestry.com’s historical records.
– Outdated genetic testing technology that leaves much of a user’s DNA unexplored.
– Privacy concerns when sharing information with DNA matches.
In this final part of our Ancestry review, we will compare it to Nebula Genomics.
Your privacy is central
While learning about your genetic code can be invaluable, there are clear privacy risks that we address at Nebula Genomics. In fact, we are building the first privacy-focused personal genomics service. We eliminate the middlemen so that you can be compensated if you choose to share your data. You can read more about the importance of DNA privacy on our website.
Raw DNA files from AncestryDNA can be uploaded to our site to discover more about your genome with our expanded report. We use statistical models called imputation to fill in the blanks in your AncestryDNA raw data. This enables extensive reports that contain hundreds of traits based on curated research studies.
Whole Genome Sequencing
With our new 30x Whole-Genome Sequencing service, we can read 100% of your DNA. This is our way of empowering our customers to go beyond outdated testing technologies that are offered by services like Ancestry and 23andMe. Our DNA test generates 10,000 times more data than AncestryDNA, providing you with a complete picture of your DNA.
Nebula has also partnered with FamilyTreeDNA to offer advanced genetic ancestry analysis. With our DNA tests, you will get access to the world’s largest Y-DNA and mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA testing) databases. This enables a full breakdown of the maternal and paternal line to power your genealogical research.
Here is how it compares with the AncestryDNA test kit:
|DNA Testing Method||Microarray-based genotyping||Whole-Genome Sequencing (30x coverage)|
|Produced data||~ 0.01% of your DNA||~ 100% of your DNA|
|Weekly updates based on the latest discoveries||No||Yes (learn more)|
|Data upload options||No||Yes (learn more)|
|Ancestry reporting||Yes||Deep ancestry reporting with full Y chromosome and mtDNA sequencing in collaboration with FTDNA.|
|Data access||Yes (Ancestry format file)||Yes (FASTQ, BAM and VCF files)|
|Privacy-Focused||No||Yes (learn more)|
|Cost||$99 or $149||$0 – $299|
Ancestry vs Nebula Genomics
If you are interested in ancestry and genealogy, you should also consider:
- 23andMe ($99 for basic ancestry test)
- African Ancestry ($299 per lineage)
- CRI Genetics ($99 for ancestry test)
- DNA Land (free DNA upload for trait and ancestry analysis)
- DNA Painter (first profile is free and subscriptions are available for others)
- GedMatch Genesis (free DNA upload for genetic genealogy and paid advanced options)
- Living DNA (starting at $49)
- MyHeritage ($99 for ancestry test, additional subscriptions for access to genealogy tools)
- WeGene (for Asian ancestry)
If you’re looking for an at home paternity test, you should also read our review of HomeDNA.
If you want to focus on your maternal and/or paternal lineages, you can look at YFull or YSeq, services which analyze mtDNA or the Y chromosome to determine specific lineage haplotypes. Full Genomes also offers Y chromosome sequencing and analysis.
Did you like our Ancestry review? You can read more reviews on our blog and check out our complete guide to the best DNA test kit and other home tests.
Want to dive deeper into ancestry analysis? Check out our GEDmatch tutorial to learn how to use this powerful tool!