Table of Contents
- 7 Facts from our Ambry Genetics Review
- Ambry Genetics Introduction
- How to Take the Ambry Genetics Test
- The Science behind the Ambry Genetics Test
- Genetic Counseling Services
- Ambry Genetics Cost
- Review of Ambry Genetics DNA Test Results
- Access to Raw DNA Data
- Review of Ambry Genetics Privacy
- Ambry Genetics in the News
- Ambry Genetics Reviews
- Amry Genetics Pros and Cons
- Nebula Genomics
Edited by Christina Swords, Ph.D.
7 Facts from our Ambry Genetics Review
- Location: Aliso Viejo, CA
- Products: clinical DNA testing products that determine the risk of various disease; based on SNP chips, targeted gene sequencing and whole exome sequencing
- Report delivery: reports are delivered to the patient through the healthcare provider to help with healthcare decisions
- Data access: no access to raw DNA data
- Privacy: a lot of personal data is collected and shared
- Cost: Most patients pay only around $100 because the test is covered by insurance, but if the cost is not covered it can be as high as $3,000.
- Alternatives: Nebula Genomics (whole genome sequencing with weekly updated reports)
Ambry Genetics Introduction
This is a review of Ambry Genetics, a genetic testing and clinical diagnostic company founded in 1999 by Charles L. M. Dunlop and is currently led by Aaron Elliott. It is located in Aliso Viejo, California, and is part of Ambry Genetics Konica Minolta Precision Medicine. With over 20 years of experience, Ambry provides services genetic testing for hereditary cancer (e.g. breast cancer), cardiac disease, neurological disease, and many other diseases using targeted sequencing methods. The Ambry Genetics labs are CLIA approved and CAP-accredited. Unlike consumer genetics-focused companies such as 23andMe and AncestryDNA, Ambry Genetics’ business model aims to enable clinicians to determine the best treatment based on a patient’s genome. Ambry does not sell its test kits directly to consumers and providing raw DNA data is not part of their services. Learn more in our Ambry Genetics review!
How to Take the Ambry Genetics Test
If you are interested in taking a genetic test with this company, you must first contact a healthcare provider, who will determine and order the sample collection kit that suits your needs. Depending on the test, you may need to have your family pedigree and history of prior diagnostic tests recorded before taking the test.
Afterward, you will provide a saliva, swab, or blood sample, depending on the type of testing chosen. Once the patient sample is received and sequenced in Ambry’s clinical laboratory, the report will be sent directly to your healthcare provider who can access it with their Ambry Genetics login and will discuss the results with you.
The Science behind the Ambry Genetics Test
The Ambry Genetics test menu includes a large number of DNA tests. These tests can be generally classified into 3 categories: SNP array (also known as chromosomal microarray), targeted gene sequencing, and whole exome testing. In addition to DNA genetic testing, Amby Genetics also offers tests that combine DNA and RNA genetic testing.
To detect specific genetic variants across a patient’s genome, the company uses SNP arrays. This method is similar to 23andMe and AncestryDNA DNA tests. This technology also detects genomic rearrangements (such as insertions or deletions of large stretches of the genome).
For targeted genetic testing, Ambry sequences specific genes known to be essential in causing the disease if mutated. Depending on the test, this could range from one to hundreds of genes. Targeted gene sequencing is done using next-generation sequencing technology.
Ambry Genetics offers several whole exome sequencing-based products. Thee test sequence all of the roughly 20,000 genes in your genome. Though whole exome sequencing may sound comprehensive, this type of test actually examines less than 2% of the entire genome. 98% of the genome that are non-coding (often regulatory) regions are not sequencing.
The company also offers various RNA genetic tests. For some diseases, Ambry offers paired RNA and DNA testing, which may increase the sensitivity of detecting mutations in a patient.
Genetic Counseling Services
Since performing genetic testing with Ambry Genetics requires you to contact a healthcare provider first, often you will be directed to a genetic counselor.
Ambry Genetic offers free post-test genetic counseling for cancer patients that received results that confirmed a clinically significant mutation. The company also provides various counseling aids on its website, which may help to further explain the tests and results.
Ambry Genetics Cost
Let’s review the costs of the Ambry Genetics test. Its services are only available for patients residing in the United States. If your insurance covers genetic testing, you may qualify for free genetic testing. If your insurance does not cover genetic testing, Ambry will consider your personal financial situation before pricing the test, which they claim will be around $100 on average.
According to one Reddit testimonial, the test not covered by insurance amounted to $3,290. In the same testimonial, the user also described how they had to pay extra for genetic counseling.
Before letting your healthcare provider order an a kit, it is important to check the details of your health insurance plan. Sometimes, insurance providers deem testing not necessary, and you may receive surprise bills if you are not careful.
The company always provides free genetic testing to patients with select genetic diseases in collaboration with academic corporate and pharmaceutical partners.
Review of Ambry Genetics DNA Test Results
In this part of our article, we will review Ambry Genetics reports. The DNA test reports are tailored for genetic counselors with relevant supplementary materials for patients depending on the results. Depending on the chosen tests, the report may look different, but the main sections of the reports are results, summary, interpretation, and assay information.
The results section tells you whether there are any clinically significant mutations in the analyzed genes. If no mutations are detected, it will just say that no mutations were found. If a mutation is detected, details will be provided, such as the types of mutation.
The summary section that follows will indicate if the test was positive, negative, or if it detected mutations with unknown effects.
The interpretation section lists further details in complete sentences with additional information such as the risk estimates and the kind of genetic counseling that is recommended. It describes the detected mutations in detail as well as the genes that were analyzed.
The assay information section describes how the genetic test was conducted. This section will tell you what is being done with your DNA sample.
If the test summary is positive, healthcare providers will be given additional information on relevant management resources. The patients are provided explanations of what their risk means in the context of the general population.
There is a chance that the effects of the discovered mutation are not known because they are observed for the first time. These genetic variants are called “variants of unknown significance”. If this is the case, the report will be supplemented with inter-species comparison to show how likely that the mutation is dangerous based on its presence in various animal species.
The sample reports, although available, are limited to the most frequently ordered tests.
Access to Raw DNA Data
Providing raw DNA data to their patients is not part of the Ambry Genetics service.
Review of Ambry Genetics Privacy
Any personal or family information that you provide to Ambry Genetics for your genetic testing may be disclosed among several parties without your permission. They include Ambry’s genetic counselors and affiliated healthcare providers.
Your information will also be used for business operation purposes and be disclosed to Ambry Genetics’ business associates.
Public health authorities and other government institutions may also receive access to your data.
You may exercise your right to limit disclosure of your information by contacting Ambry Genetics. This includes permitting your family members or other individuals responsible for the patient care to access your results.
Ambry Genetics in the News
Ambry Genetics had been involved in a lawsuit with Myriad Genetics as it became one of the companies sued for infringement of a patented gene test. The lawsuit was settled in 2015.
Ambry opened up genetic data of 10,000 patients in a database that continues to grow, called AmbryShare in 2016.
Konica Minolta buys Ambry Genetics in a deal worth up to $1 billion in 2017. Konica Minolta is a Japan-based company.
Ambry Genetics employees published a paper in Genetics in Medicine in late March 2018 that claims that 40% of mutations identified by direct-to-consumer genetic testing companies are false positives. Employees from 23andMe responded by describing that the variants used in the paper were not representative.
Ambry Genetics Reviews
As Ambry Genetics primarily interacts with healthcare providers and genetic counselors, there are few Ambry Genetics reviews available online.
- Trustpilot – No Ambry Genetics reviews
- Facebook – 4.9/5.0 based on 36 Ambry Genetics reviews.
- Reddit – There are several discussion threads about genetic testing results obtained from Ambry Genetics, and a long discussion about Ambry Genetics paper reporting false-positive results of direct-to-consumer genetic tests.
- Twitter – Mostly news on scientific breakthroughs
- Yelp – One very satisfied customer
- Google Review – Multiple Ambry Genetics reviews; people are satisfied on average, few problems with billing
Although reviews on company culture and work environment appear mainly positive on the work at Ambry with great benefits, there are some comments that upper management doesn’t acknowledge employees. Thus, there is a generally unfriendly atmosphere with in-person communications and high turnovers.
Amry Genetics Pros and Cons
|– Clear testing procedure guided by your healthcare provider|
– Detailed clinical assessment for genetic health risks
– Results reviewed by specialists to ensure accuracy
|– You must contact a healthcare provider to use Ambry Genetics services|
– No access to your raw DNA file
– No way to use DNA data obtained from other providers
In the final part of our Ambry Genetics review, we compare it to Nebula Genomics and other DNA tests.
With 30x Whole-Genome Sequencing, Nebula Genomics decodes 100% of your DNA. In contrast, the most comprehensive test offered by Ambry Genetics is whole exome sequencing that decodes only 2% of the DNA.
Although Nebula does not offer a diagnostic test, our Whole Genome Sequencing data is of the highest quality and can be used by physicians and genetic counselors. If you have a known genetic disorder in your family history, please consult with your healthcare provider first.
|Aspects||Ambry Genetics||23andMe||AncestryDNA||Nebula Genomics|
|Technology||SNP array, targeted gene sequencing, whole exome sequencing||SNP array||SNP array||Whole genome sequencing at 30x coverage|
|Ancestry analyses||No||Yes||Yes||Deep ancestry reporting with full Y chromosome and mtDNA sequencing in collaboration with FTDNA|
|Raw DNA data access||No||Yes (23andMe file format)||Yes (AncestryDNA file format)||Yes (FASTQ, BAM, and VCF files)|
|Data upload option||No||No||No||Yes|
|Data exploration tools||No||No||No||Yes|
|Regular reporting updates||No||No||No||Weekly updates tailored to your personal interest|
|Price||$0 – $100 if covered by insurance; very expensive otherwise||$99 – $499||$99 – $149||$0 – $299|
Ambry Genetics vs 23andMe vs AncestryDNA vs Nebula Genomics
If you are looking for clinical genetic testing, take a look at our other reviews:
- CENTOGENE (rare disease and other conditions)
- Color Genomics (risks of cancer, genetic forms of heart disease, and medication responses)
- Fulgent Genetics (comprehensive diagnostic company)
- GeneDx (wide variety of clinical genomic tests)
- GeneSight (clinical genomic test for psychotropics)
- Genomind (pharmacogenomic testing for mental health treatment)
- Integrated Genetics (pre- and post-pregnancy tests)
- Invitae (diagnostics, proactive health, and reproductive health)
- Myriad Genetics (diagnostics, reproductive tests, and precision medicine tests)
- Oral DNA Labs (specialized diagnostic tool for oral health)
- Parsley Health (holistic medicine and health plans)
- Pathway Genomics (DNA tests for various health aspects, may be used in consultation with medical providers)
- Stripe2be (rare diseases)
- Veritas Genetics (disease risks and carrier screenings)
Other DNA testing companies that offer whole exome sequencing are:
- CircleDNA ($189 – $629)
- Dante Labs ($599)
- DNAFit (in collaboration with CircleDNA, DNAFit previously partnered with Helix DNA)
- Full Genomes ($525)
- Helix DNA ($145 + additional cost for the apps)
- tellmeGen ($235)
Learn more about whole exome sequencing!
Did you like our Ambry Genetics review? More reviews can be found on our blog and check out our complete guide to the best DNA test kit and other home tests.